About Californian Almond



In the United States, production is concentrated in California, with almonds being California's third leading agricultural product and its top agricultural export in recent years. California produces 80 % of the world's almonds, and 100 % of the U.S commercial supply. California exported almonds valued $1.083 billion in 2003, about 70 % of total California almond crop.
   The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) maintains strict standards and grades for California Almonds in order to ensure that the products for consumers reach or exceed a certain level of quality.  The following details cover everything from defects to discoloration so you can always be assured that your almond purchase will not only meet the USDA's standards, bust also your own.

   The pollination of California's almonds is the largest annual managed pollination event in the world, with close to one million hives (nearly half of all beehives in the USA) being trucked in February to the almond groves. Much of the pollination is managed by pollination brokers, who contract with migratory beekeepers from at least 49 states for the event. This business has been heavily impacted by colony collapsed disorder, causing nationwide shortages of honey bees and increasing the price of insect pollination. To alleviate almond growers from the rising cost of insect pollination, researchers at the Agricultural Research Service(ARS) have developed a new line of self-pollinating almond trees. Self-pollinating almond trees, such as the Tuono almond tree, have been around for a while, but their harvest is not as desirable as the insect-pollinated California Nonpareil almond tree. The Nonpareil tree produces large, smooth almonds and offer 60–65% edible kernel per nut. The Tuono, on the other hand, has thicker, hairier shells and offers only 32% of edible kernel per nut. However, there are advantages to having a thick shell. The Tuono’s shell protects the nut from threatening pests such as the navel orange worm. ARS researchers have managed to cross breed the pest-resistant Tuono tree with California’s attractive Nonpareil tree, resulting in hybridized varieties of almond trees that are self-pollinated and maintain a high quality of nut. The new, self-pollinating almond tree hybrids possess quality skin color, flavor, and oil content, and reduce almond growers’ dependency on insect pollination.


   Nonpareil has the widest range of uses among   the marketing classifications.
   Nonpareil are easily blanched (skin is removed) and cut for processed  forms. A thin outer shell and smooth kernel allow for  easy, blemish-free processing. As a result, Nonpareil almonds are used anywhere an attractive appearance  or a strong almond identification is important.


   This classification includes varieties that are generally blanchable and used primarily in manufactured products. Carmel, Sonora and Monterey varieties are classified as California  type. This  type of almonds have a wide range of shell hardness, kernel shapes, skin color, and surface  characteristics. As a result, they are quite adaptable  and well suited for nearly any process or application.






50lbs. (22.680 kg.)Sacks


50lbs. (22.680 kg.)Carton box 




Non Pariel  NP

Soft shell, light color, high suture opening

Medium, flat shape, smooth surface

Long & Flat

Carmel   CR

Soft shell, good shell integrity, fair suture opening

Medium, narrow shape, slightly wrinkled surface

Long & Flat


Soft shell, dark brown color, rough surface, high suture opening

Large, long narrow shape, light color, smooth surface


Hard shell, smooth surface, low suture opening

Large, narrow shape, deeply wrinkled surface

Long & Flat




  Aerobic Plate Count

 <50,000 cfu / g




 <1,000 cfu / g



  E. Coli

 <10 cfu / g or <3 MPN / g

  Free Fatty Acids


  Yeast and Molds

 < 5000 cfu / g

  Prexide Value



 Negative / 25g or 375 g




 <100 cfu / g